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麻辣财经地方政府晒账本,哪个省更公开透明
2020-01-08 00:26   来源:  www.drmcgowan.com   评论:0 点击:

麻辣财经地方政府晒账本,哪个省更公开透明“三公”经费支出压减了没有?非一般性支出是否有效压缩?政府采

  “三公”经费支出压减了没有?非一般性支出是否有效压缩?政府采购是否公开透明、在规定目录内按程序操作?……一直以来,地方政府手中的钱该怎么花,始终是公众关心的话题。特别是这两年经济增长面临下行压力,再加上大规模减税降费的影响,财政收支平衡压力很大。

“Have the expenditure of the three public funds been reduced? Are non - general expenditures effectively compressed? Are government procurements open and transparent and operated in a prescribed catalogue in accordance with procedures? …… How the local government spends its money has always been a public concern. In particular, these two years of downward pressure on economic growth, coupled with the impact of large-scale tax cuts, the balance of payments pressure.

  财政支出必须精打细算,好钢用在刀刃上。而地方预决算公开,就是公众了解政府和各部门收支情况的重要方式。晒出这个“账本”,接受群众监督,可以倒逼地方政府全面提升预算绩效、完善财政监督管理。

Budgets must be careful, and good steel must be used on the edge. And local budget is open, is the important way for the public to understand the income and expenditure of the government and various departments. The publication of this \"book \", subject to supervision by the masses, can force local governments to improve overall budget performance, improve financial supervision and management.

  十八届三中全会提出,建立全面规范、公开透明的预算制度。从2015年起,财政部每年都对地方预决算公开工作进行专项检查。日前,财政部公布了2018年度地方预决算公开情况专项检查结果。地方政府晒“账本”,能不能做到公开透明?老百姓看“账本”能否看得清清楚楚、明明白白?咱们一起来看看检查结果。

The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee proposed the establishment of a comprehensive, standardized and transparent budget system. Since 2015, the Ministry of Finance has conducted a special annual inspection of local budget and final accounts disclosure work. A few days ago, the Ministry of Finance announced the results of a special inspection of the opening of local budget accounts in 2018. Local government basks \"book book \", can achieve open transparent? Can the common people see the book clearly and clearly? Let's take a look at the results.

  财政部有关负责人介绍,2018年度地方绝大多数部门已实现预决算公开。这次检查了各级部门和单位共有万家,只有8家未公开。而2015年第一次专项大检查时,全国共有万家未公开。

The head of the Ministry of Finance said that in 2018, the vast majority of local departments have achieved budget and final accounts open. The inspection of departments and units at all levels a total of ten thousand, only eight not open. At the time of the first special inspection in 2015, there were ten thousand undisclosed.

  整体看,各地预算公开程度基本达到有关要求,各指标平均达标率逐年提升。2015年至2018年,各级政府和部门预算和决算完整性,平均达标率分别由%、%提升至%、%。这说明,预算和决算的编制执行,更加全面和规范了。

On the whole, the level of budget disclosure in various localities basically meets the relevant requirements, and the average compliance rate of each target increases year by year. From 2015 to 2018, the budget and final accounts integrity of all levels of government and departments, the average compliance rate increased from%,% to%,%. This indicates a more comprehensive and standardized formulation and implementation of the budget and accounts.

  还有,预算和决算的细化程度,分别由%、%提升至%、%;公开及时性分别由%、%提升至%、%。这两项指标从原来的60%—70%左右,一下子跃升到99%以上,提高的幅度那是相当大。

Furthermore, the degree of refinement of the budget and accounts is increased from% to% and% to% and% to% and% to% and% to% and% to% to% and% to%, respectively. These two indicators jumped from about 60% to 70%, to more than 99% at once.

  “预决算完整性,平均达标率、细化程度、公开及时性均超过99%,说明公开质量已经有很大提高,基本上做到应公开尽公开。”中国社会科学院财经战略研究院研究员杨志勇说。

“The completeness of the budget and final accounts, the average compliance rate, the degree of refinement, and the timeliness of disclosure are over 99%, indicating that the quality of disclosure has been greatly improved, and basically should be made public." Yang Zhiyong, a researcher at the Institute of Financial Strategies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

  财政部表示,财政预决算公开的内容,实现了跨越性突破。以绩效信息公开为例,随着预算绩效管理改革步伐加快,有31个省份公开了绩效目标,29个省份公开了绩效自评、绩效评价结果。还有部分省份将省级财政部门牵头开展的重点绩效评价报告,全部向社会公开。

The Ministry of Finance said that the contents of the budget and final accounts have made a breakthrough. Take the disclosure of performance information as an example, with the rapid pace of budget performance management reform,31 provinces have disclosed performance goals,29 provinces have disclosed performance self-assessment, performance evaluation results. Some provinces have made public key performance evaluation reports led by provincial financial departments.

  打分“排排坐”,预决算公开哪个省最敞亮?2018年度地方预决算公开度排行榜上,河南、广东、内蒙古位列前三甲;重庆、吉林、江西倒数第一、二、三。部门预决算公开度这一项,广东、新疆获得满分;政府预决算公开度湖北、上海得分最高。

Which province is the brightest in the budget? Henan, Guangdong and Inner Mongolia are in the top three places in the annual list of local budget and final accounts in 2018; Chongqing, Jilin and Jiangxi are among the bottom three. Guangdong and xinjiang received full marks for the opening of the department's budget and final accounts.

  “财政部门的排行榜可以有力推进这项工作的开展,促使‘落后’地区加大公开力度,进而提升其预算编制的科学性和决算执行力。”杨志勇认为,地方预决算公开工作是地方完善治理体系和治理能力现代化的一部分。全面实现地方预决算公开的制度化,可以大大推进地方治理的现代化。

“The financial sector's ranking could give a strong boost to the work, leading to greater public disclosure in'backward' areas, thereby enhancing the scientific nature of their budgeting and the execution of final accounts. Yang Zhiyong believes that the public work of local budget and final accounts is part of the modernization of local governance system and governance capacity. Fully realizing the institutionalization of local budget and final accounts can greatly promote the modernization of local governance.

  “地方预决算的编制和执行,体现了地方政府对公共资源的配置和安排。预决算公开,就是将政府配置公共资源的过程暴露在公众面前,督促政府提升治理能力。”中国社会科学院财经战略研究院研究员张德勇认为,地方预决算公开透明,有利于加强社会监督,促进地方政府预算安排更加科学合理,让有限的财政资金发挥更大作用。

“The compilation and implementation of local budget and final accounts reflect the allocation and arrangement of public resources by local governments. The public disclosure of the final accounts is to expose the process of allocating public resources to the public and urge the government to improve its governance. Zhang Deyong, a researcher at the Institute of Financial and Strategic Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that the transparency of local budget and final accounts is conducive to strengthening social supervision, promoting more scientific and rational budget arrangements for local governments, and making limited financial funds play a greater role.

  财政部指出,此次预决算公开整体上省级好于市级、市级好于县级。排名靠后的省份,检查发现的问题主要集中在市县层面,市县层面部分单位基础工作薄弱。此次抽查的“城乡社区支出”科目数据,一些地方存在超范围列支、虚列支出、以拨代支、违规调整科目、以挂账方式虚减支出等违规问题。

The Ministry of Finance pointed out that the opening of the final accounts as a whole better than the provincial level than the city, better than the county level. In the lower-ranking provinces, the problems found by the inspection are mainly concentrated in the city and county level, and some basic work of the units at the city and county level is weak. The \"urban and rural community expenditure\" subject data, some places exist beyond the scope of expenditure, false expenditure, with the allocation of funds, illegal adjustment of subjects, to hang accounts to reduce expenditure and other irregularities.

  检查发现,全国有2351家部门和单位未公开机关运行经费情况说明,20647家未公开国有资产占用情况说明。辽宁、江西、甘肃、宁夏4省份仍有8家部门和单位未向社会公开部门预算或决算,包括白银市中级人民法院、沈阳市铁西区土地储备交易中心等。其中,中共分宜县委台湾工作办公室2018年预算和2017年决算均未公开。

The inspection found that there were 2,351 departments and units throughout the country that did not disclose the operating expenses of the organs and 20,647 that did not disclose the occupation of state-owned assets. There are still eight departments and units in the four provinces of Liaoning, Jiangxi, Gansu and Ningxia that have not made public the budget or final accounts of the departments to the public, including the Baiyin Intermediate people's Court and the Tiexi Land Reserve Trading Center of Shenyang, etc. Among them, the CPC sub-Yi County Committee Taiwan work Office 2018 budget and 2017 final accounts are not public.

  公开的标准化、规范化程度有待提升。检查发现,省、市、县三级政府和部门公开的表格和材料,样式差异较大,解释说明不一。“这样一来,信息的可用性较低,不便于年度间对比或横向分析,也不利于政府监管和社会公众监督。”杨志勇说。

The degree of standardization and standardization of openness needs to be improved. Inspection found that the provincial, municipal, county three levels of government and departments open forms and materials, the style of large differences, different explanations. \"As a result, the availability of information is low, is not easy to compare or analyze horizontally over the year, and is not conducive to government regulation and public scrutiny.\" said Yang Zhiyong.

  一些部门、单位公开的信息,仍然存在准确性不够、可读性不够以及收支情况不实等问题。比如,有的预决算公开数与批复数不符,有的预决算公开表格与账务核算信息存在不一致。而公众最关注的“三公”经费、政府采购安排情况,信息公开指标得分偏低。

Some departments and units of public information, there are still insufficient accuracy, readability and income and expenditure is not true and so on. For example, some accounts are not in accordance with the approval number, and some accounts are not consistent with accounting information. And the public most concerned about the \"three public\" funds, government procurement arrangements, information disclosure indicators score low.

  为了验证这个结论,记者查询了一些省份预决算公开平台,发现“2018年三公经费决算”信息中,只有全省各部门公车、因公出国、公务接待经费决算总数,包括年初预算数、调整预算数、决算数、比上年增长四项。看不到各个部门横向间对比和纵向年度同比增幅。再看几个部门具体“三公”经费预决算信息,只有2018年度预算、决算,看不到跟上年对比的情况。也就是说,公众能看出一个省2018年整体压减了三公经费支出,但看不出来各个部门具体做得咋样。这样的公开力度显然还不够,有待进一步细化。

To verify this conclusion, the reporter consulted some provinces budget and final accounts open platform, found that \"2018 three public funds final accounts \"information, only the province's various departments bus, due to business abroad, official reception expenses total accounts, including the beginning of the budget, adjustment of the budget, final accounts, the increase of four items over the previous year. Horizontal and vertical year-on-year increases are not visible across sectors. Look at a few departments specific \"three public\" funds budget information, only 2018 budget, final accounts, cannot see the comparison with the previous year. In other words, the public can see that a province in 2018 overall reduced three public expenditure, but do not see how specific departments do. Such publicity is clearly not enough and needs to be further refined.

  杨志勇认为,上述问题表明,地方主动公开的意识还不够,公开的质量还需要进一步提高。“理想的状况应该是——公众可以通过公开信息,直接搞明白地方政府各部门在做什么,做得怎么样。这样才能对预决算绩效进行有效评价,社会舆论监督才有针对性、也更能发挥作用。”

Yang Zhiyong believes that the above problems show that the awareness of local active openness is not enough, and the quality of openness needs to be further improved. \"Ideally, the public can directly understand what the local government departments are doing and how they are doing through public information. Only in this way can the performance of budget and final accounts be evaluated effectively, and public opinion supervision can be targeted and more effective.

  张德勇认为,《政府信息公开条例》的颁布与新《预算法》的实施,奠定了预决算公开的法律地位。但这二者只是给出原则性要求,并没有给出具体可操作的法律条文。未来还应从保障公民监督权、知情权,以及制定预决算数据公开具体办法等方面加强法制建设。

Zhang Deyong believes that the promulgation of the Regulations on the Disclosure of Government Information and the implementation of the new Budget Law have laid a legal status for the disclosure of budget and final accounts. But these two only give the principle request, does not give the concrete actionable legal provision. In the future, we should strengthen the legal system construction from the aspects of protecting the citizen's supervision right, the right to know, and the formulation of specific methods for the disclosure of budget and final account data.

  “当前部分地方政府公开的预决算信息无法准确反映资金具体用在什么地方,难以让公众了解政府施政的具体绩效。”张德勇说,配合预决算公开制度,还应建立预决算执行实时施监督机制。比如公开预算执行过程中的资金使用情况、投入情况、项目成果等。通过实时监督,及早发现财政资金使用不当的问题,防止跑冒滴漏和“打水漂”。

“Currently, information on the budget and final accounts made public by some local governments does not accurately reflect where the funds are spent, and it is difficult for the public to understand the specific performance of government administration." Zhang Deyong said that in line with the budget and final accounts open system, should also establish a budget and final accounts implementation real-time supervision mechanism. Such as public budget implementation process of the use of funds, input, project results and so on. Through real-time supervision, early detection of improper use of financial funds to prevent leakage and "water ".

  杨志勇认为,预决算信息公开时,除极少涉密内容外,其他都应该公开。“让地方政府信息公开成为常态,不公开成为例外;不仅公开预决算信息,还应对财政资金使用效率进行评价,建立相应的问责机制。”

Yang Zhiyong believes that when the final account information disclosure, except for very little secret content, the rest should be made public. \"The disclosure of local government information becomes the norm and the non-disclosure becomes the exception; not only the disclosure of budget information, but also the evaluation of the efficiency of the use of financial funds and the establishment of corresponding accountability mechanisms.\"

  专家建议,各级政府在公开预决算信息时要尽量使用通俗易懂的语言,图表等。同时利用微信公众号、微博等做好普及传播工作,提高公众参与的积极性。此外,还要完善网络公开平台建设。“把中央和地方预决算信息统一到一个平台上,更有利于同级政府横向比较,有利于公众开展监督。”张德勇说。

Experts suggest that governments at all levels should try their best to use easy-to-understand language, charts, etc. At the same time, the use of WeChat public number, Weibo and so on to do a good job of popularization and communication, to improve the enthusiasm of public participation. In addition, we should improve the construction of network open platform. \"The integration of central and local budget information into a single platform is more conducive to horizontal comparison of the same level of government and to public supervision. said Zhang Deyong.


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